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This is very brief summery of unit1: The Teacher and the Learner, a highlight I should say. A conventional English language class comprises the learner(s) and varied activities organized and conducted by a teacher. For the learning process to be effective and successful, a good teacher and student are required. Several attributes can be identifiable in a good teacher (kindness, patience, friendly etc), but fundamentally speaking, a good teacher is one who loves and cares about their teaching, but even more so keener on the learning of their student. Given that a typically interesting lesson should be dynamic, interactive and fun, a good teacher should be alert and flexible, being able to smoothly switch stages and activities during a lesson, all while holding the learners? attention and enthusiasm. The teacher should also be able to evaluate and monitor learners? progress. A good student on the other hand should be motivated, able to show concern to their learning and keen on their progress. Students could be distinguished by these attributes, but also by age and level of ability with the use of the English language. Age wise, language learners fall under two broad groupings: Adult learner ? age 18 and above and Young learners ? 17 years old and less Post puberty learners ( aged 13 and above); pre-puberty learners, 8 to 12 years old; and pre-schoolers aged 7 and less, are all subcategories under young learners. Adults are naturally more experienced in life and relatively with the language. Also they are often self-motivated in comparison to young learners who, though may have varied levels of motivation are generally less motivated. It is therefore a teacher?s responsibility to boost motivation in learners and impart an interesting language experience. Teaching materials and methods could also be influenced by the learners' level of ability in the English language. The commonest breakdown in order of increasing level of ability is as listed below: Beginner ? also known as Breakthrough or A1 according to the Common European Framework. Their ability go from zero to basic knowledge of English which can?t be easily activated. Elementary ? also known as Waystage or A2 according to CEF. Students at this level are able to form basic sentence structures and communicate on basic subject. Low/pre-intermediate ? also called Threshold students are able to communicate on greater variety of topics but still lacking in general fluency and likely to make errors even with basic structures. Intermediate ? also known as Vantage or B2. Leaner at this level are able to understand and communicate on a wider range of topics, though tapping from a limited vocabulary store. Also, they are still lacking in accuracy and fluency. Upper intermediate, also Effective Operational Proficiency. Learners here demonstrate great understand and communication skills, using a greater range of the language but still lacking in accuracy. Advanced, Mastery level or C2 students proficient enough in the English language and are now studying finer aspects of the language. Teachers have their own preferred levels, and while the above terms are the most commonly used, their meaning may vary considerably depending on teaching environment and the text book you may be using. For instance, an upper intermediate student in one area could be viewed as advanced in another area.