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This unit is based on modals, phrasal verbs and passive voice. The ?modals? are can,could,may,might,shall,should,will,would,must, have to, have got to, need to, needn?t and ought to. They are used before other verbs to add meaning to the main verb. Modals can be used to express a number of different ideas such as; - Obligation - Possibility - Permission - Ability - Advice Modal auxillary verbs can also be used to express different degrees of formality, for example, ? can I borrow some money?? and ? may I borrow some money?? They have the same meaning but would be used in different situations. The second sentence is more polite than the first. Passive voice There are two voices used in English that is Active and Passive voice In the passive, the object of an active becomes the subject of the passive verb. Verb Active ? my wife chose the wallpaper Passive ? the wallpaper was chosen by my wife. Only transitive verbs like take , buy, write etc are used in the passive. It is not possible to use verbs such as happen, sleep, come and seem (intransitive verbs) in the passive. Relative clauses A clause is a group of words containing a subject and a verb. There are three categories of clauses namely; - Independent clause - Dependent clause - Relative clause Phrasal verbs or multi-word verbs consist of a verb plus one or two particles. There are three basic types of phrasal verbs. They are as follows; - Type 1 intransitive - Type 2 transitive separable - Type 3 transitive inseparable Going through this unit, I have learnt the different modals, phrasal verbs and passive voice and how there are used.