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An effective teacher considers the teaching of pronunciation an integral part of the course. Definition of phonology is the study, science, analysis, and classification of the physical properties of sounds.This text deal with the areas of STRESS, RHYTHM, INTONATION and International Phonetic Alphabet. Intonation is generally considered to be the variation in volume and pitch in a whole sentence, whereas stress is more concerned with individual words. The normal pattern of intonation in a statement is the rise/ fall intonation. With the falling intonation you are also indicating that you have finished what you want to say. The second common intonation pattern is the fall/rise pattern. This indicates surprise and often disagreement, but above all indicates that the speaker wants the person to whom he's speaking to respond or confirm. A fall/rise pattern can also indicate that the speaker hasn't yet finished what he or she has to say.Finally , we can have a kind of level intonation which is basically flat, which often indicates that the speaker doesn't really have that much to say, and perhaps doesn't want to communicate. Techniques for indicating and teaching intonation: Nonsense word, by gesture, humming or singing and the board. Here are two very simple rules about word stress to start: 1 One word has only stress, and can't have two stresses. 2 We can only stress syllables, nor individual vowels or consonants. Techniques for indicating and teaching stress: Contrastive stress, by gesture, choral work, the board and stress marks. Place of articulation: velar, palatal, palatal-alveolar, alveolar, dental, labio-dental, bilabial, glottal. Manner of articulation: plosive, fricative, nasal, lateral, affricate, approximant. Teaching techniques for the pronunciation of individual sounds: peer dictation, your own mouth, visuals, phonemes, tongue twisters.