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This unit introduced the fact that there are 12 tenses in the English language that we should teach to ESL students. However, this unit focused on the 4 present tenses. The four tenses are the simple present, present continuous, present perfect, and present perfect continuous. Each tense, of course, has different usages. For example, the main usage of the simple present is to talk about habits and routines. Contrary to the name, the simple present isn't actually the \"simple present.\" We talk about things that are happening in the present or ongoing with the present continuous tense. Next, the present perfect tense is used to describe an event that happened in the past but affects the present still. However, this is a completed event, for example, when talking about things that you have experienced before. For example, \"I have been to Italy before.\" Similarly, the present perfect continuous also describes an event in the past that is connected to the present. However, the event is still affecting the present right now. Hence, present perfect \"continuous.\" For this tense, this is used to describe an event in the past that is still happening or affecting the present now. For example, \"I have been reading this good book.\" This means that I started reading the book in the past, but I have not finished reading the book. I am still in the process of reading the book. As a Linguistic major, this was a nice review on the present tenses of the English language. Like previous chapter, being able to see some common mistakes is useful as I can be aware of some of the mistakes that will appear when teaching these tenses. Also, some of the suggest activities for each tense were really interesting. I particularly liked the idea where you can practice the present perfect tense by moving objects around in the room and asking students what has been moved.