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After studying this unit, I believe that lesson planning is very important. Realizing that it is the basis of your teaching and because of the functions mentioned such as: it is an aid to planning, it is a record and it is a working document. To assure that your lesson flows smoothly, it is important that the lesson plan is written down clear and simple (also for the benefit of another teacher who might cover for you if you are not available) and of course so you can refer to it quickly during the lesson. The basic principles also are so you do not script the lesson, so that it maintains the same structure, so you can time each activity in the margin, so you can make sure activities fit together to give the lesson a smooth flow and to keep it flexible and open for adaptation. The teacher should also remember to make note of changes in the lesson for record's sake. It is also important to be organized. That before you start a lesson, make sure that you have 1st your lesson plan, review and make sure that you have all the materials needed, check that any equipment you need for the lesson works, make sure that the board is clean, make seating arrangements, be sure you have your materials ready at hand and be ready to chat with the students as they come in to break the ice. A lesson plan has to have the following: The learner objectives (what you want your students to achieve at the end of the lesson), you personal aims (what you as a teacher wish to achieve), the context or language point ( the theme around which your lesson is based), teaching aids (the materials you need for the lesson), anticipated problems (both for the teacher and the students) and your solutions should these problems arise, the procedure (the activities used to achieve learner objectives), the phase (ESA, straight-arrow, boomerang or patchwork?), timing (which is vital so you can see if you have too much or too little in the lesson plan) a teacher should also be flexible with timing, the kind of interaction (T-S, S-S), the class level, number of students ( so you have the right number of materials and the right timing), the date and time and the teacher's name and the observer if there is one.