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In English, there are four present tenses: present simple, present perfect, tpresent continuous, and present perfect continuous. The present simple tense is used to describe habits, repeated actions, unchanging situations, general truths, to give instructions and directions, to express historical sequance etc. The present simple tense is simple to form. Just use the base form of the verb: (I give, you give, we give, they give) The 3rd person singular takes an -s at the end. (he gives, she givees) E.g. She drinks milk every morning. She doesn't drinl coffee every morning. Does she drink juce every morning? The present continuous tense is used to talk about an action happening now, to talk about an action that is going on during this period of time or a trend, to describe an action or event in the future, which has already been planned or prepared, to talk about a temporary event or situation, to describe and emphasise a continuing series of repeated actions (with \"always, forever, constantly\") The present continuous of any verb is composed of two parts - the present tense of the verb to be + the present participle of the main verb (The form of the present participle is: base+ing, e.g. talking, driving, moving, reading) Some verbs are not usually used in the continuous form (like, believe, hate etc). E.g. We are watching a movie at the moment. We are not eating riht now. Are you reading a book now? The present perfect tense is used for repeated actions, actions where the time is not important, and actions that began in the past but are not finished yet. The present perfect of any verb is composed of two elements: the appropriate form of the auxiliary verb to have (present tense), plus the past participle of the main verb. The past participle of a regular verb is base+ed, e.g. played, arrived, watched. Many of these past participles are irregular that have to be learnt from memory (e.g. drink-drunk, sit-sat) E.g. We have visited Portugal several times. We haven't visited Poland. Have you ever been to Croatia? The present perfect continuous tense is used to communicate an incomplete and ongoing activity, when we want to say how long it has continued, and to describe a recently finished, uninterrupted activity which has a present result. The present perfect continuous is made up of two elements: the present perfect of the verb 'to be' (have/has been), and the present participle of the main verb (base+ing) E.g. I've been dancing for the last 4 years. I haven't cleaning the car today. Have you been living in New Zealand?