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There are seven most common forms of the future tense: the future simple, the future continuous, the future perfect, the future perfect continuous, be going + infinitive, the present simple, and the present continuous. The future simple tense uses ?will? + verb. Its usages include: future facts and certainties, promises, promises based on no present evidence, assumptions/speculations, spontaneous decisions, and threats. ?Shall? is usually used to make suggestions or invitations; ?will? expresses a stronger intention. The future continuous is formed as follows: subject + will + be + verb+ing. Its usages include: to say that something will be in progress at a particular moment in the future, to predict the present, for polite inquiries referring to other people?s plans, and to refer to future events which are fixed. The future perfect is formed as follows: will + have + past participle. The future perfect tense is used to say that something will have been done, completed, or achieved by a certain time in the future. Sentences with this tense generally use an adverbial expression that signals when a future event will be completed. The future perfect continuous is formed with: will + have + been + verb+ing. It can be used to say how long something will have continued by a certain time. It often includes an adverbial expression that begins with ?by.? The be going + infinitive tense is made with the verb ?to be? in the present, plus ?going to,? plus the base form of the verb. The difference between this form and the present continuous is that the be going + infinitive is always followed by a verb. Its usages include intentions, predictions based on present evidence, and plans. An affirmative present simple tense is formed as follows: subject + base form [+s/es]. The negative form uses the auxiliary verb ?do?: subject + aux verb ?do? + not + base form. This tense is used to suggest a more formal situation, for schedules, and to suggest a more impersonal tone. The present continuous is formed using the present simple tense of the auxiliary verb ?to be? and the present participle (verb + -ing) of the main verb. It is used for definite arrangements and for decisions and plans without a time frame. In this unit I've learned how to distinguish each of the seven future tense forms. Many of the tense have multiple uses so it can be difficult for students to master how to use these tenses appropriately. Again, the suggested activities for each tense are very useful in giving students context for when each tense is applicable as well as the necessary practice need to fully grasp the topic. I think for these tenses especially, activities in context to which these grammar points would be applied in real life will help students the best.