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Unit 16 focuses on teaching conditionals and reported speech. Conditionals can be thought of as a condition clause and a consequence clause. There are five common conditionals: zero conditional, first conditional, second conditional, third conditional, and mixed conditional. Unit 16 provides the form, usage, and an example for each of the five conditionals. It also introduces reasons for common errors by students. Some teaching ideas for conditional sentences are matching split sentences, completing conditional sentences, creating chain conditionals, asking students about moral dilemmas in conditional form, role play, etc. Unit 16 goes over the form and examples of reported and direct speech. Direct speech is actual speech, directly from the original speaker. Reported speech is indirect; it does not use quotations or have to be word-for-word. The verb tense usually changes in reported speech. A chart detailing how the verb tense in direct speech changes in reported speech is provided in the unit. Pronouns can also change in reported speech depending on who the original addressee is or was. Most events and ?things? change to reflect a past occurrence, otherwise known as ?backshifting?. Unit 16 discusses potential areas for student error as well as some teaching ideas: intermediaries, reporting verbs, and media interviews.