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Parts of Speech is a combination of words that are classified into: nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, pronouns,articles, conjunctions, prepositions, auxiliary verbs, gerunds and infinitives. Each category is in turn defined further in its place and usage in the English Grammar. We learn that the simplest form of a sentence structure of a basic sentence contains at least a Subject and a Verb. and each word in the sentence has its purpose and adds meaning to the sentence. The subject is the doer and the verb is the action. Nouns are used to give names to people, animals, places, things, states and they are classified into Common, Proper, compound, Abstract and Collective. nouns also carry plurals and are in turn also classified into Countables and Uncountables. These plural nouns are usually created by adding an -s if it ends in ch,sh.x,s, we will add -es. There are also exceptions to a noun that ends in -y, we usually add or change the -y to -i and add -es. Other exception to a noun that ends in -f will usually be replaced with a -v ad then -es. Irregular nouns, that have the word completely changed have to be memorised as there are no rules. Verbs are action words (transitive) or a state of being (Intransitive) A transitive verb is followed directly by an object whilst an Intransitive cannot be followed by an object. It does not do anything to anyone or anything. It stands alone! Adjectives are words that describe.It describes nouns and gives more information or emphasis to the noun.We have possessive adjectives and comparative adjectives. Adverbs add information to the action, quality or state as denoted by the verb.They also describe and modify verbs and adjective or another adverb. They are categorised into 5 types of adverbs: Manner, Place, Time , degree and Frequency. These are usually formed by adding -ly to an adjective but of course there are exceptions, as in : tidy - tidily or fast - fast There are no strict rules how to place these adverbs but a common one to follow is the : place-manner-time. Pronouns are words that take the place of a noun ( more precise nouns) The types of pronouns are : Personal, Possessive , Reflexive and Relative. Articles are categorised into Definite (the), Indefinite articles (a /an) and Zero Article. The Definite article -the - is used when a noun refers to something mentioned for the second time; is unique/specific. Indefinite article -a/an- is non-specific and is referred to something mentioned for the first time. -a/an is used depending on the initial sound of the noun and adjective to be modified, to singular / plural nouns, we use some. Zero or no articles are used on some common countable nouns but the sentence takes on a preposition instead. Conjunctions are joining words. They join words of the same class/pairs of nouns/adjectives/verbs/adverbs/phrases. Prepositions show the relationship between a noun or a pronoun and the rest of the sentence. There are 3 main types: Prepositions of Time/Date, Movement , Place/Position. Auxiliary verbs express the form a tense or an expression by combining with present or past participles or infinitives of other verbs. It helps form the structure and they are : be, do , have. Gerunds are the -ing form of a verb used as a noun. it is not the same as the present participle form used in a verb structure) Infinitives -to is added to form a base form of the verb; when an action is referred to as a whole; to denote a consequence of an action. As difficult as it is for learners of the English language to speak correctly, they have to learn to speak grammatically correct too. Most native speakers are able to speak fluently but many of them do not know why or how a sentence is formed; the structure of the sentence. Through practise and memorisation, most learners managed to overcome this.