Overview of All English Tenses - Present Tenses Overview - Present Perfect

 

The present perfect always relates the past to the present. This can be through the unfinished past, where we're expressing duration, such as 'I have played football for 10 years,' the indefinite past expressing experience in your life, such as 'I have been to Italy and Spain,' and also to show the present results of a past action 'I have broken my leg.' I broke it in the past and it remains broken in the present. Our final present tense is the present perfect continuous tense. Our example sentence here 'I have been playing football for 10 years' has the structure subject plus auxiliary verb 'have' or 'has' and then a second auxiliary verb here 'being' plus 'verb-ing'; 'I have been playing.' Very much like the present perfect tense, the present perfect continuous relates the past to the present but more focused on the continuity or the duration of the action. It can also be used to express the unfinished past, such as the example here 'I have been playing football for 10 years,' an action that began in the past and still continues in the present.


Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.

This unit tackles about four types of present tense which are the present simple, present continuous, present perfect, and present perfect continuous. It helps me to familiarize more and recall my grammar on using the perfect tense. It was a good review for me since it provides the formula or on how the different types are formed grammatically.This section introduces the theories and techniques that are useful for a class lesson. I think the best information provided was the elicitation section and all the different ways we can get the class to participate and learn a language. It is useful to promote consistent use of the English language for students so this lesson is very useful.