Overview of All English Tenses - Present Tenses Overview - Present Continuous

 

Our second example sentence 'I am playing football at the moment.' is the present continuous tense. This has a different structure as the subject 'I', the verb 'to be' in the present tense 'am', 'is' or 'are' plus the verb with an '?ing' on the end. So here: 'I am playing football at the moment.' Whereas the present simple tense is used to talk about habits routines and facts, the present continuous tense is used to talk about actions in progress at the time of speaking or around the time of speaking. Our third example sentence is the present perfect: 'I have played football twice this week.' Here, the structure is the subject 'I', auxiliary verb 'have' or 'has' plus the past participle. The past participle is usually formed just by adding '-ed'- on to the end of the base form of the verb. However, students need to be aware of the many irregular verbs, such as 'know' would change to 'known', 'go' to 'gone', 'understand' ? 'understood' and so on. Unfortunately, there are no rules for this and they just have to be learnt individually.


Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.

Speaking and writing can be quite a difficult topic when it comes to learning the English language. I find that using games can help break the students' tension of speaking out or presenting their writing. Going through the topics, I am understanding the ESA lesson structures a lot better, and how they fit with the different styles of teaching.This unit discussed the pros and cons of using coursebooks and materials in the classroom. While there are advantages and disadvantages in using textbooks, the best practice is to use the book and adapt it to your specific class by supplementing. You can use the coursebooks as a resource in helping you create a balanced and interesting lesson.