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Unit 3 Overview Someone?s speaking ability is commonly defined as a person?s ability to speak or perform in a particular language. In order to evaluate students abilities in using the language we need a test, for example: the Test of English as a Foreign Language which is administered worldwide to measure the English level in terms of listening, reading, speaking, and writing skills. Usually these tests start easy and get progressively harder. There a few levels: 1. Starter-do not speak any English 2. Elementary- can say and understand some things in English. 3. Pre-intermediate- can communicate simply and understand in familiar situations but only with some difficulty. 4. Intermediate- can speak and understand reasonably well a range of situations and can use basic tenses but have problems with more complex things. 5. Upper-intermediate- can speak and understand English fluently, can present arguments and use the language in unfamiliar situations. Next, we learn about needs analysis and how to conduct it. Asking learners what they feel they need to practise is a good initial step. Conducting needs analysis in the classroom helps students to find out what they already know, what they need to know, and what their preferences are. First, we can start with needs questionnaire that can include very simple questions. It can be also, done by giving them a list of things to prioritise by importance/usefulness, and then ask them to agree together on those priorities in ever larger groups. If we teach very young learners we can start by explaining class rules, or even give the students the opportunity to create the rules together. The reason for this is that when students feel they had a hand in deciding what is expected of them, they tend to follow the rules more closely.