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This unit was all about modals, phrasal verbs and passive voice. Modals are used before verbs to help add more meaning to the verb i.e. May I leave work early?, I might go shopping tomorrow, You must see the doctor,etc. Modals can be used in a number of different ways including obligation, permission, possibility, probability, ability, advice, and prohibition. There are nine main modals which are may, might, must, will, would, could, can, should, shall. Of course there are other types, but those are the main ones. With each modal, some can be used for polite requests, necessity, obligation, ability,etc. For example, May I go to the bathroom would be used as a polite request. using different modals can change the formality and meaning of the main verb as well. Passive voice includes two voices, the active and the passive. Both sentences mean the exact same thing but the focus is different. For example, the active sentence being 'I sister chose the flowers.' and the passive sentence being 'The flowers were chosen by my sister.' In the passive sentence, the focus is now on the subject (the flowers). When using the passive voice, it is mostly used when it is not known, not important, or we don't want to say, who performs the action. The passive can also be used if the writer or listener is intending for the listener/ reader to know who performs this action i.e. Macbeth was written by Shakespeare. Finally, phrasal verbs. Phrasal verbs involves a verb with one or two particles. There are three basic types of phrasal verbs. Type 1 (Intransitive) is where a the verb cannot be followed by an object. Type 2 (Transitive separable) is where an object pronoun can only come between the verb and the particle, but an object noun can come either between the verb and particle or after. Type 3 (Transitive inseparable) is where the object phrase or object pronoun both come after the particle. It is important for students to practice modals, passive voice and phrasal verbs, once hearing it and practicing, it will hopefully start to become more natural when using.