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This module looked at conditionals and reported speech. Conditionals are sentences in which an action will happen if a certain condition is fulfilled. There are four forms: Zero, first, second, third and mixed, summarised below. Zero - refers to actions and facts that are irrefutable - if/when + present tense, present tense First - refers to real situation in the future that is possible or probable - if + present simple, will (or would) Second - refers to present or future hypothetical situations - if + past simple, would/could/might + base form Third - refers to hypothetical past action and the hypothetical past result - if + past perfect, would/could/might + have + past participle Mixed - many different (though uncommon) combinations. Most common - if + past perfect, would + base form Reported speech refers to a past conversation told by someone in the present. This means some tenses need to transform, especially when referring to time (if the conversation was 2 days ago, then 'tomorrow' in the original conversation would have to be referred to as 'the next day').