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This unit has talked about methodologies of English. Most of English students unfortunately don't have the opportunity to live in an English speaking country, therefore they get in touch with English only at school or at a private lesson. When we're young we can become bilingual before we reach age of 6. However it's not always possible to be constantly in touch with the language. And there are some well known methods that had positive results when learning English as a second language. Probably the most known method when it comes to teaching/learning English is translation. However this method has many negative aspects. Students are forced to look for an appropriate synonym in their language which afterwards can rapidly slow down the process of learning. Because every time they want to say a sentence they translate the words they want to use. In fact, especially for young learners, it makes learning more difficult. Audio- lingualism method is nowadays not as widely used as it used to be. It is based on repeating the language. There are many of other methods such as the silent way, which I find very interesting, then there is Suggestopaedia, Presentation/practice/ production etc. To get students want to learn the language, they need to be motivated, exposed to the language. That's why we have a method called \"ESA (stands for engage, study, activate) Also there's a process known as Elicitation which is an important part of the ESA. It consists of various methods/ activities that are made to make the students talk, use the language they know. Some of the well known ways are - flashcards, lists, gap-fills etc. This method is based on phases 1) Engage- we want to engage the students - to make them want to learn what we're about to teach them, it consists of various warm up activities such us some memory games, the box game etc 2) Study- we want to make them study to language - that contains pronunciation, drilling, tests to make sure they understand what they're being taught, activities such as hangman, gap fill, tongue twisters.. It usually starts with elicitation. 3) Activate- Last but not least we want to activate what they've just learned. We want them to u se the Language. This phase can contain varilus activities, debates etc. There are couple of lessons that we can follow such as patchwork lesson, straight arrow lesson, boomerang lesson, when it comes to ESA. What we must never forget is feedback. Why? Because if there's no feedback, there isn't motivation, if the students are not motivated, they're not making any progress. Which we don't want of course. And who does correct? There're few types of correction such as self correction, student-student correction and teacher- student correction.